Sex sells, but only at a high price, according to a new study. Overtly sexual advertising can make women downright angry, but they tend to view a sexualized ad for a luxury product more positively than the same ad selling a discount item, marketing researchers from the University of Minnesota, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and the University of British Columbia found.
Two experiments with 107 women and 105 men measured how upset, disgusted, unpleasantly surprised, or angry each participant felt after viewing a print advertisement for watches that showed either a pretty mountain landscape or a "couple sexily embracing." Some of the ads listed the watch as selling for $10, while others listed it for $1,250.
Women rated the overtly sexual ad for the high-end product more positively, but were pissed off when the sexy couple was trying to sell them a $10 watch. Ladies who saw the nonsexual mountain ads didn't show any difference in attitude between the cheap and expensive products, so it wasn't just that they liked expensive watches more. By contrast, men's attitudes toward sexual advertising didn't vary depending on whether the watch warranted a down payment or was cheaper than the price of lunch.
The study revealed that "sexual ads promoting cheap products heightened feelings of being upset and angry among women," according to the paper. The researchers write that they focused on these feelings because they "arise often in response to perceptions of exploitation or offense." You know, like how your feel when advertisements remind you that your entire gender is constantly portrayed as a nice little collection of sexual objects.
The researchers attribute women's negative reactions to the eroticized ads to sexual economics, the idea that women pay a higher price for having sex, both physically and socially, than men. Because of this, heterosexual gals "want sex to be seen as highly valued and of great worth," they write. "Using sex to promote an expensive product does just that, by associating sex with high value." Gross. This sums up the thinking behind pretty much every engagement ring ad ever.
At least if you're going to go sexy, advertisers, you're probably better off selling diamonds than cheeseburgers. Or just stick to selling us picturesque mountain landscapes, please.